Please upgrade to the new Edge browser, or use Chrome, Firefox or Safari, before continuing. Internet Explorer will not support the best shopping experience on the ADI Digital Branch site after March 12. close button

The Most Common Types of Low Voltage Wiring Connectors

In today's interconnected world, low-voltage wiring connectors play a vital role in ensuring seamless communication and power transfer between electronic devices. These cable and wire connectors are commonly used in various applications, including consumer electronics, automotive systems, industrial machinery, networking applications and more. In this article, we will delve into some of the most prevalent types of low-voltage connectors, exploring their features, characteristics, uses and more.

USB (Universal Serial Bus) Connectors

USB connectors have become ubiquitous in the digital age, serving as the primary method for data transfer and charging between devices. USB connectors come in several iterations, including USB-A, USB-B, USB-C, and the latest USB 4.0. They provide a versatile and reliable solution for connecting devices such as computers, smartphones, printers, cameras and external storage devices.

HDMI (High-Definition Multimedia Interface) Connectors

HDMI connectors are specifically designed for high-definition audio and video transmission. They are widely used in consumer electronics, such as televisions, monitors, projectors and gaming consoles. HDMI connectors support both audio and video signals, eliminating the need for multiple cables. They come in various sizes, including standard HDMI, mini HDMI, and micro HDMI, catering to different device requirements.

XLR Connectors

XLR connectors are predominantly used in professional audio applications, including microphones, amplifiers, mixers and speakers. They offer balanced audio signals, minimizing noise interference and ensuring high-quality sound transmission. XLR connectors typically feature three pins, providing separate connections for the positive, negative and ground signals. They are known for their robustness and locking mechanism, ensuring a secure connection.

RCA (Radio Corporation of America) Connectors

RCA connectors, also known as phono connectors, are commonly used for analog audio and video signals. They are recognizable by their distinctive red, white and yellow plugs. RCA connectors are widely used in home theater systems, stereo equipment and audio/video devices. While RCA connectors are gradually being replaced by digital interfaces, they remain prevalent in many audiovisual setups.

RJ45 (Registered Jack 45) Connectors

RJ45 connectors are commonly used in Ethernet networking applications, providing reliable connectivity for local area networks (LANs) and internet connections. They are extensively used in offices, homes, data centers and enterprise networks. RJ45 connectors feature eight pins and are compatible with Category 5 (Cat 5), Category 6 (Cat 6) and higher Ethernet cables. They offer excellent data transfer speeds and are essential for network infrastructure.

RJ11 (Registered Jack 11) Connectors

RJ11 connectors are standard landline telephone connectors. These connectors have a very similar design to the RJ45 connectors. However, they are a little smaller in size and have fewer connections. RJ11 connectors can only support one analog phone line, but they are also able to be used for very low voltage Power over Ethernet (PoE).

UTP Couplers

UTP couplers are connectors that are used with unshielded twisted pair cable. A UTP coupler allows installers to connect two shorter UTP cables to form a longer cable. This allows it to increase a cable's reach into longer distances without needing to splice wires.


Bayonet Neill-Concelman connectors (or BNC) are primarily used with coaxial cable to transmit analog video and radio signals. These types of connectors are round and use a rotating nut that helps it achieve a tight and securely sealed connection.

F-Type Connectors

Developed in the early stages of cable television, F-type connectors are used with coaxial cable. These types of connectors are still widely used in applications today to connect devices such as modems and receivers for cable and satellite television services.

N-Type Connectors

N-type connectors are also used with coaxial cable in the cellular booster and DAS (Distributed Antenna System) market as well as in applications such as telecommunications, radio or industrial equipment. They are commonly used for connecting antennas, receivers, transmitters and other RF components. Because of their durability and ability to resist moisture and dust, these types of connectors are often used in outdoor applications or in harsh environments.

Lucent Connectors

Lucent connectors (or LC connectors) are small, square-shaped fiber optic connectors commonly used in data centers, local area networks and fiber-to-the-home installations. The LC connector is the most common connector on network switches, routers and media converters. These connectors are popular because of their small form factor, reliable performance and ease of use. They are also suitable for high-speed data transmission over fiber optic cables. LC connectors come in single-mode and multi-mode variations, which allows them to accommodate different types of fiber optic cables.

Subscriber Connectors

Subscriber connectors (or SC connectors) are fiber optic connectors used in networking and telecommunications. This design used to be the industry standard but is still used in many applications today. SC connectors have a simple push-pull design. The SC-APC (Angled Polish Connector), a version of the SC connector, is primarily used for single-mode fiber optic cables in the fiber to the premise market and the DAS markets. The precise alignment of SC connectors ensures efficient light transmission between connected devices.

DC Power Connectors

DC power connectors are widely used to provide power to electronic devices. They are commonly found in applications such as power supplies, laptops, routers and CCTV cameras. DC power connectors are available in various sizes, including popular barrel-type connectors and coaxial power connectors. These connectors are designed to ensure a secure connection and prevent accidental disconnections.

Low-voltage wiring connectors are an integral part of modern technology, facilitating seamless communication and power transfer between electronic devices. Whether it's the ubiquitous USB connectors, the high-definition capabilities of HDMI or the reliable networking performance of RJ45 and LC connectors, each connector type serves a specific purpose in a variety of applications. Understanding the features and applications of these common connectors is essential for anyone working in the low-voltage industry — enabling efficient connectivity, ensuring reliable performance and enhancing user experience.

close button